My research has increasingly centered on how socio-structural variables interact with psychological variables to affect outcomes that are important to human functioning, long utilizing what are today known as big data strategies. My research team is currently focusing on community-level factors that can make or break the success of interventions meant to improve health, such as in HIV prevention interventions for African Americans or for other risk groups (e.g., MSM). This work melds traditional attitudinal perspectives with social influence and other perspectives that incorporate social groups' and networks' influences, whether these are congruent or opposing (see Johnson et al., 2010, AIDS & Behavior). The outcomes we investigate might include such wide-ranging phenomena as sexual risk (e.g., condom use), depression (e.g., the efficacy of antidepressants or the influence of exercise), and blood pressure. For example, a current project examines how whites' attitudes in communities might undermine (if negative) or enhance (if positive) the success of HIV prevention interventions for African Americans. Our work relies on and extends methods in network and statistical science in that we use techniques such as meta-analysis and multi-level models to detect how geotemporal trends may affect outcomes for related individuals and groups.
- Attitudes and Beliefs
- Gender Psychology
- Health Psychology
- Persuasion, Social Influence
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Research Methods, Assessment
- Sociology, Social Networks
- Albarracín, D., Johnson, B. T., & Zanna, M. P. (Eds.). (2005). The handbook of attitudes. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Johnson, B. T., Redding, C. A., DiClemente, R. J., Dodge, B. M., Mustanski, B. S., Sheeran, P., Warren, M. R., Zimmerman, R. S., Fisher, W. A., Conner, M. T., Carey, M. P., Fisher, J. D., Stall, R. D., & Fishbein, M. (2010). A Network-Individual-Resource model for HIV prevention. AIDS and Behavior, 14(Suppl 2), 204-221.
- Lee, I., Pratto, F., & Johnson, B. T. (2011). Intergroup consensus/disagreement in support of group-based hierarchy: an examination of socio-structural and psycho-cultural factors. Psychological Bulletin, 137(6), 1029-1064.
- Lennon, C. A., T. B. Huedo-Medina, Gerwein, D. P., & Johnson, B. T. (2012). A role for depression in sexual risk reduction for women? A meta-analysis of HIV prevention trials with depression outcomes. Social Science & Medicine 75(4): 688-698.
- Johnson, B. T. and T. B. Huedo-Medina (2011). Depicting estimates using the intercept in meta-regression models: The moving constant technique. Research Synthesis Methods 2(3): 204-220.
- Reid, A. E., J. F. Dovidio, Ballester, E., & Johnson, B. T. (2014). HIV prevention interventions to reduce sexual risk for African Americans: The influence of community-level stigma and psychological processes. Social Science & Medicine 103, 118-125.
- Brown, J. C., Huedo-Medina, T. B., Pestacello, L. S., Pestacello, S. M., Ferrer, R. A., & Johnson, B. T. (2011). Efficacy of exercise interventions in modulating cancer-related fatigue among adult cancer survivors: A meta-analysis. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 20, 123-133.
- Kirsch, I., Deacon, B. J., Huedo-Medina, T. B., Scoboria, A., Moore, T. J., & Johnson, B. T. (2008). Initial severity and antidepressant benefits: A meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration. PLoS Medicine, 5, 260-268.
- Johnson, B. T., & Boynton, M. H. (2008). Cumulating evidence about the social animal: Meta-analysis in social-personality psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 817-841.
- Smith-McLallen, A., Johnson, B. T., Dovidio, J. F., & Pearson, A. R. (2006). Black and white: The role of color bias in implicit race bias. Social Cognition, 24, 46-73.
- Albarracín, D., Kumkale, G. T., & Johnson, B. T. (2004). Influences of social power and normative support on condom use decisions: A research synthesis. AIDS Care, 16, 700-723.
- Albarracín, D., Johnson, B. T., Fishbein, M., & Muellerleile, P. A. (2001). Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 142-161.
- Killeya, L. A., & Johnson, B. T. (1998). Experimental induction of biased systematic processing: The directed-thought technique. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 17-33.
- Johnson, B. T., & Eagly, A. H. (1989). Effects of involvement on persuasion: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 290-314.
- Johnson, B. T., Scott-Sheldon, L. A. J., Huedo-Medina, T. B., & Carey, M. P. (2011). Interventions to reduce sexual risk for HIV in adolescents: A meta-analysis of trials, 1985-2008. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 165(1), 77-84.
- Johnson, B. T., Maio, G. R., & Smith-McLallen, A. (2005). Communication and attitude change: Causes, processes, and effects. In D. Albarracín, B. T. Johnson, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), The handbook of attitudes (pp. 617-670). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Johnson, B. T., Smith-McLallen, A., Killeya, L. A., & Levin, K. D. (2004). Truth or consequences: Overcoming resistance to persuasion with positive thinking. In E. S. Knowles & J. Linn (Eds.), Resistance and persuasion (pp. 215-233). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Johnson, B. T., & Eagly, A. H. (2014). Meta-analysis of social-personality psychological research. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology. London: Cambridge University Press.
- Abraham, C., & Johnson, B. T. (2011). (Eds.). Special issue on health promotion interventions. Psychology & Health, 26(2).
- Johnson, B. T. (1993). DSTAT 1.10: Software for the meta-analytic review of research literatures. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Attitude Organization and Change
- Health Psychology
- Meta-Analysis: A Workshop
- Meta-Analysis: Theory and Practice
Blair T. Johnson
Department of Psychology
406 Babbidge Road, Unit 1020
University of Connecticut
Storrs, CT 06269-1020
- Phone: (860) 486-2511