My research centers on how socio-structural variables interact with psychological variables to affect outcomes that are important to human functioning. My research team is currently focusing on community-level factors that can make or break the success of interventions meant to improve health, such as in HIV prevention interventions for African Americans or for other risk groups (e.g., MSM). This work melds traditional attitudinal perspectives with social influence and other perspectives that incorporate social groups' and networks' influences, whether these are congruent or opposing (see Johnson et al., 2010, AIDS & Behavior). The outcomes we investigate might include such wide-ranging phenomena as sexual risk (e.g., condom use), depression (e.g., the efficacy of antidepressants or the influence of exercise), or blood pressure. For example, a current project examines how whites' attitudes in communities might have affected the success of HIV prevention interventions for African Americans. Our work relies on and extends methods in network and statistical science in that we use techniques such as meta-analysis and multi-level models to detect how geotemporal trends may affect adjacent outcomes for adjacent individuals and other groups.
- Attitudes and Beliefs
- Gender Psychology
- Health Psychology
- Persuasion, Social Influence
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Research Methods, Assessment
- Sociology, Social Networks
Research Group or Laboratory:
- Syntheses of HIV and AIDS Research Project (SHARP)
Note from the Network: The holder of this profile has certified having all necessary rights, licenses, and authorization to post the files listed below. Visitors are welcome to copy or use any files for noncommercial or journalistic purposes provided they credit the profile holder and cite this page as the source.
- Albarracín, D., Johnson, B. T., & Zanna, M. P. (Eds.). (2005). The handbook of attitudes. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Johnson, B. T., Redding, C. A., DiClemente, R. J., Dodge, B. M., Mustanski, B. S., Sheeran, P., Warren, M. R., Zimmerman, R. S., Fisher, W. A., Conner, M. T., Carey, M. P., Fisher, J. D., Stall, R. D., & Fishbein, M. (2010). A Network-Individual-Resource model for HIV prevention. AIDS and Behavior, 14(Suppl 2), 204-221.
- Lee, I., Pratto, F., & Johnson, B. T. (in press, 2011). Intergroup consensus/disagreement in support of group based hierarchy: An examination of socio-structural and psycho-cultural factors. Psychological Bulletin.
- Tan, J. Y., Huedo-Medina, T. B., Lennon, C. A., White, A. C., & Johnson, B. T. (2010). Us versus them in context: Meta-analysis as a tool for geotemporal trends in inter-group relations. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 4(2), 288-297. (doi: 0070-ijc v-2010299)
- Brown, J. C., Huedo-Medina, T. B., Pestacello, L. S., Pestacello, S. M., Ferrer, R. A., & Johnson, B. T. (2011). Efficacy of exercise interventions in modulating cancer-related fatigue among adult cancer survivors: A meta-analysis. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 20, 123-133.
- Kirsch, I., Deacon, B. J., Huedo-Medina, T. B., Scoboria, A., Moore, T. J., & Johnson, B. T. (2008). Initial severity and antidepressant benefits: A meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration. PLoS Medicine, 5, 260-268.
- Johnson, B. T., & Boynton, M. H. (2008). Cumulating evidence about the social animal: Meta-analysis in social-personality psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 817-841.
- Smith-McLallen, A., Johnson, B. T., Dovidio, J. F., & Pearson, A. R. (2006). Black and white: The role of color bias in implicit race bias. Social Cognition, 24, 46-73.
- Albarracín, D., Kumkale, G. T., & Johnson, B. T. (2004). Influences of social power and normative support on condom use decisions: A research synthesis. AIDS Care, 16, 700-723.
- Albarracín, D., Johnson, B. T., Fishbein, M., & Muellerleile, P. A. (2001). Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 142-161.
- Marsh, K. L., Johnson, B. T., & Scott-Sheldon, L. A. J. (2001). Heart versus reason in condom use: Implicit versus explicit attitudinal predictors of sexual behavior. Zeitschrift für Experimentelle Psychologie, 48, 161-175.
- Johnson, B. T., & Kirsch, I. (2008, June). Do antidepressants work? Statistical significance versus clinical benefits. Significance, 5(2), 54-58.
- Killeya, L. A., & Johnson, B. T. (1998). Experimental induction of biased systematic processing: The directed-thought technique. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 17-33.
- Johnson, B. T., & Eagly, A. H. (1989). Effects of involvement on persuasion: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 290-314.
- Johnson, B. T., Scott-Sheldon, L. A. J., Huedo-Medina, T. B., & Carey, M. P. (2011). Interventions to reduce sexual risk for HIV in adolescents: A meta-analysis of trials, 1985-2008. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 165(1), 77-84.
- Johnson, B. T., Maio, G. R., & Smith-McLallen, A. (2005). Communication and attitude change: Causes, processes, and effects. In D. Albarracín, B. T. Johnson, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), The handbook of attitudes (pp. 617-670). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Johnson, B. T., & Eagly, A. H. (2000). Quantitative synthesis of social psychological research. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology (pp. 496-528). London: Cambridge University Press.
- Johnson, B. T., Smith-McLallen, A., Killeya, L. A., & Levin, K. D. (2004). Truth or consequences: Overcoming resistance to persuasion with positive thinking. In E. S. Knowles & J. Linn (Eds.), Resistance and persuasion (pp. 215-233). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Abraham, C., & Johnson, B. T. (2011). (Eds.). Special issue on health promotion interventions. Psychology & Health, 26(2).
- Johnson, B. T. (1993). DSTAT 1.10: Software for the meta-analytic review of research literatures. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Attitude Organization and Change
- Meta-Analysis: A Workshop
- Meta-Analysis: Theory and Practice
Blair T. Johnson
Department of Psychology
406 Babbidge Road, Unit 1020
University of Connecticut
Storrs, CT 06269-1020
- Phone: (860) 486-2511